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A to Z of Basics of Ayurveda Dermatology...

201618Mar
Dear Friends,Due to very busy Schedule I'm unable to write every week but fortunately Once in a month is manageable for me...as gradually we are moving towards the summer in India..and in summer we need to take care of our Skin too...so let's discuss A to Z of Ayurveda Dermatology means how it described in Ayurveda Text...we must know this as Skin diseases are on its Top 10 list of work-related diseases in the U.S.  and   Published figures for the prevalence of skin diseases in developing countries range from 20 to 80 percent.It causing Distress to the patient: Disfigurement, Disability, Reduction in quality of life, the relative economic cost to families of treating even trivial skin complaints and even Distress to physician: Description in classics extensive and scattered, screening the skin for a wide range of illnesses, treatment options multiple yet confusing.It is interesting to know some terminology used in Ayurveda text for Skin and it's disorders...Twak is the word used for Skin in Ayurveda  is just like a mirror reflection and manifesting various type of inner abnormality or diseased condition. In Ayurveda major skin diseases have been classified under the heading of Kustha.All the Kustha occur due to the involvement of Tridosha with their Tiryak Gati(vertical and Cross). Kustha is caused by the morbidity of seven factors. They are the three doshas vata, pitta and kapha which get vitiated by the causative factors and four dhatus of the body viz. Twak(Skin), Rakta(Blood), Mansa(Muscle) and Laseeka(Lymph) which get vitiated by the morbid Doshas. These groups of seven factors produce all the varieties of Kushtha.In Ayurveda too...our Acharya has already described the seven layers of the Skin they are below...1.Avbhasini2.Lohita3.Shweta4.Tamra5.Vedini6.Rohini7.MamsdharaWhich is equal to western medical science...Even some interesting to know  terminology  used for the symptoms of Skin diseases in Ayurveda is below...
  • Pidika, Pitika--- Papule, Vesicle, Pustule
  • Mahavastu-Plaques, patches
  • Sphota- Bullae, Blister
  • Mandala, Parimandala, Utsanna Mandala- Weal
  • Kotha- Weal
  • Vrana- Wound
  •  Matsya Shkalopmam- Fish skin patches
  • Hasti Charmavata- Lichenification
  • Sphutanam- Cracks
  • Vivarnata – Discoloration, maculae
Now various Skin Diseases described in Ayurveda Text are below...
•Kushtha
•Shittapitta
•Visarpa
•Udarda
•Kotha and  Uthakotha
•Visphotaka
•Masoorika
•Romantika
•Kshudra Roga
•Updansha
•Phiranga
 Now switching over to some important Provocation factors of Skin Diseases are also important to know...as nowadays people are having lots of life style disorders and they are taking various Western Medicines as apart of their daily life...
  • Drugs that can trigger the disease, worsen symptoms, or cause a flare-up include
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, drugs used to treat high blood pressure and heart problems
  • Beta-blockers, drugs used to treat high blood pressure and heart problems
  • Chloroquine, a medicine used to treat malaria
  • Lithium for bipolar disorder treatment
  • Indomethacin, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
 Note: Other NSAIDs, such as meclofenamate, may actually improve the conditionNow we must know how the causative factors to origination of the Skin Diseases according to Ayurveda...
  • Ayurveda Causative  Factors
 
  • According to Ayurvedic classics, the word Nidana carries two meanings viz, causative factors and diagnosis. It is very important to know the cause of a disease, because in any diseases where the cause is known treatment becomes very easy. It is in this light only that Chikitsa has been defined as ‘Nidana Parivarjanam’ (Su. U. 1/25).
  •                                 The causative factors are classified into two groups namely Bahya (external) and Abhyantara (internal). Bahya Karanas are exogenous & Abhayantara are endogenous.
  •                                 There are mainly 2 types of utilization of Nidanas (1) Roga Parakha (For Diagnosis Purpose) (2) Roga Chikitsakara (For Disease Management)
  • All the Nidanas working in 3 ways
  • (1) Dosh Dushyakara(Vitiated Dosha&Dhatus)
  • (2) Dhatu Shathilayakara(Sluggish Dhatus)
  • (3) Khavaigunayakara(Space for Accumulation of  Vitiated Dosha and Dhatus)
Ayurveda Causative Factors...
  • Abhyantara Karana   (Internal Facotrs):
 
  • These are the seven causative factors namely the three Dosas which are rendered morbid through their aggravation & the four Dushyas viz. Twak, Rakta, Mamsa & Lasika, which are vitiated by the morbid Dosas. These seven Dravyas are collectively  termed as Prakruti (C. Ni. 5/3-4).
 
  • Bahya Karanas( External Factors):
 
  • Aharaja(Dietary) :-Improper dieting, excessive eating, taking of meat with milk or taking the meal soon after previous meal, taking of fish with milk, excessive intake of Hayanaka, Kakamachi etc. with excessive intake of milk curd & butter milk may be included under this group (C. Ni. 5/6).
 
  •  Viharaja(life style) :-     Suppression of the natural urges, suppression of vomiting, sudden switching over from Apatartana to Santarpana or vice versa, misconduct, killing the virtuous persons, physical exercise, excessive sexual indulgence, etc. may be included under this heading (C. Ni. 5/6)
 
  • Papakarma :-The influence of action done in the past & present birth is also seen to be a positive factor of Kustha Roga. (C. Sh. 1/116).
 
  •  Sankraman (Contact) :-  If an individual converses with an affected  person, touches him, inhales his expired air & vapours or  sleeps with him on the same bed, uses his clothes or the garlands          word by the affected person, may get affected by the skin diseases as well as by others contact diseases too (Su. Ni. 5/32-33).
               
  • Hereditary (prakruti Dosa) :- Kustha may be produced in the children by the vitiated humors of the patient’s Shukra & Shonita.
 
  •  Sankraman (Contact) :- If an individual converses with an affected  person, touches him, inhales his expired air & vapours or  sleeps with him on the same bed, uses his clothes or the garlands          word by the affected person, may get affected by the skin diseases as well as by others contact diseases too (Su. Ni. 5/32-33).
               
  • Hereditary (prakruti Dosa) :-  Kustha may be produced in the children by the vitiated humors of the patient’s Shukra(Sperm) & Shonita(Ovum).
 
  • PATHOGENESIS OF SKIN DISEASES
  
  • The process of the disease formation, right from the contact of the etiological factors with the body to the fullest manifestation of the disease is known as pathogenesis or Samprapti (C. Ni. 1/11).
 
  • Kustha Samprapti(Pathogenesis) according to Charaka
 
  •  Because of the various causative factors all the 3 Doshas are simultaneously provoked & induce defect the four body elements (Twak, Rakta, Mamsa & Laseeka). The 4 Dushyas become morbid & loose their character. This provoked Doshas settling themselves in these vitiated body elements & getting localized there, then vitiate them further & produce Kustha (C. Ni. 5/6).
 
  • According to Chakrapani datta, the vitiated Doshas become steady in body element, then they cause Kustha, not when they are in circulating or fluid state.
Hope you all understand how Skin diseases pathology take place in our body according to Ayurveda...Tips for the Holi and Dhuleti-Festivals of Colours-Now in few days there is a festival of Colours  Holi and Dhuleti will be celebrated across India...Now being an expert of Skin disease it's my duty to warn you not to use synthetic colours or colours which contains chemicals..As  today, markets are over flooded with different types of paste colours, wet and dry colours. These colours contain harmful chemicals in it and people enjoy playing with these harmful happily. The chemical colours contain solvents like lead, aromatic compounds, tetrathyline and benzene. Red, green and black are some of the dark colours that contain copper sulphate, mercury sulphite and lead oxide in high content. These harmful solvents when mixed with colours can directly lead to skin related problems like rashes, skin cancer, allergy, etc.
Effects of chemical colours-
The colours contain high toxic chemicals which come in content with our skin and enter inside our body through pores. Thus give rise to skin and other diseases.
  • Causes allergy in eyes which results in blindness, redness of the eyes.
  • Excess intake of black colour containing lead oxide through air directly affects the kidney.
  • Chlorine iodine contains in purple colour causes asthma.
  • Causes skin cancer.
  • Directly attack the nervous system which results in mental retardation.
  • Leads to dermatitis due to rashes and itching.
  • Directly affects the hair. Once the colour gets dry, it results in dry and brittle hair.
Instead of using chemical colours let su know some natural colours which are too good and excellent for Skin too...Red Sandalwood Powder / Raktachandan / Lalchandan (Pterocarpus santalinus) has a beautiful red color, which is beneficial for the skin and is used for face packs, etc. This can be used instead of Red gulal. Dry red hibiscus flowers in the shade and powder it to make a lovely red color. To increase the bulk add any flour to it, in proportion to the vibrancy of the color you want to obtain. Sinduria (Annato) has a water chestnut shaped fruit, which contains lovely brick color red seeds. These yield both dry and wet colors.Wish you all Happy Holi and Colourful Dhuleti...Let the colours of Holi spread the message of Peace and Happiness...022 Kindly subscribes for the health tips on our website and enjoy unlimited Health Tips...Dr.Gaurang JoshiDr.Bhavna Joshi /img/208/Image Twitter @drgaurangjoshi
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