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Panchakarma

Athrava Ayurveda has developed its own unique methods of PanchKarma to obtain maximum benefit from it. All the "KARMAS" (Steps of PanchKarma) are tested scientifically with the help of different techniques and methods.

Ayurveda emphasizes preventative and healing therapies along with various methods of purification and rejuvenation. Ayurveda is more than a mere healing system, it is a science and art of appropriate living which helps to achieve longevity. It can also guide every individual in the prevention of disease and long term maintenance of health. To achieve this balanced state of body, mind and consciousness, Ayurveda prescribes Panchakarma Therapy for the cleansing of body toxins

PanchKarma is a part of the purification therapies of Ayurveda. "Panch" means five and "Karma" means action so literally translated, it is a set of five systematic actions used for Purification of the Body. It is used to bring the aggravated "Doshas" imbalance in balance and to flush out the accumulated "Ama" toxins from the body using the normal modes of eleminations like intestines, sweat glands and the urinary tract.

The logic being that as a cloth needs to be purified or cleaned of impurities and dust before it can be permeated with a new color, similarly the body needs to be purified before it can be permeated with new colors of youthfulness, health and vigor etc. In fact, most of the time, Panchakarma is an end in itself rather than a prelude to other therapeutic measures.

Elimination is a natural body instinct but over a period of time and in cases of dosha imbalance these wastes are not effectively eliminated from the body. Thises wastes tend to stick into the minute channels of the body known as the "Srotas" and start producing disease. PanchKarma is consisted to be the most radical way to cleanse the body and thereby eliminate, once and for all the disease cauing doshas and the toxins.

 

The treatment consists of following steps :

 

Pre-purification Measures for Panchakarma

Before the actual operation of purification begins, there is a need to prepare the body in prescribed methods to encourage the release of toxins. The two procedures are Snehana and Swedana.

Snehan (Oleation Therapy)

Medicated oils and Ghee are used. According to Ayurveda the Ghee can travel between cells of body very easily. Once the Ghee reaches to fine space between cells, all the fat soluble impurities are dissolved in Ghee and finally the Ghee is thrown in to rectum by the body. The Ghee containing impurities is eliminated by Virechan(Purgation) $ Vaman.Virechan is obtained by electro-balanced purgatives, so the balance of electrolytes is maintained in body in spite of induced diarrhea.

Abhyangam (Massage)

Abhyangam is the oil massage. Oil is applied to the entire body with a particular type of massage which helps the toxins to move towards the gastro-intestinal tract. Oil massage also makes the superficial and deep tissues soft and supple, thus helping to remove stress and to nourish the nervous system. Snehana is given daily for three to seven days, as indicated.

This is a special type of oil massage in which strokes are given according to the circulatory channels. This treatment is very useful for obesity, loss of skin texture, sleeplessness, fatigue, other vata predominant diseases etc.and Basically This is a Pre Operative(Purva Karma) Treatment For Panchakarma.

 

Swedan (Steam Bath)

Swedan is sudation or sweating and is given every day immediately following the Snehana. An herbal concoction may be added to the steam to further loosen the toxins from the individual. Swedana liquefies the toxins and increases the movement of toxins into the gastro-intestinal tract.

The Steam of medicated water heops opening fine pores on skin allowing the natural excretion path and heat of steam dilates the blood vessels allowing more blood to pass through muscles which supplies more nourishment.


Five steps of PANCHKARMA :
Pradhanakarma  Main Purification measures of Panchakarma

Vamana: Emesis Therapy

When there is congestion in the lungs causing repeated attacks of bronchitis, colds, cough or asthma, the Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting - Vamana, to eliminate the Kapha which is causing the excess mucus.

Use of emetics-artificial womiting is induced using herbs like, strong teas of locorice, salt and calamus. It is usually indicated for people with disorders "Kapha"(Phlegm). It Is an Ideal Treatment For The Skin Diseases Like Psoriasis,Eczema ETC.

Virechana: Purgation Therapy

Use of laxatives - A strong purgatives like senna or rhubarb is given. Atharva is performing virechan with help of electrolity balancing purgative preparation to eliminate toxins from the body without loosing electrolyte balance of body. It is normally used to dliminate high Pitta (fire) from its site in the small intestines.

When excess bile, Pitta, is secreted and accumulated in the gall bladder, liver and small intestine, it tends to result in rashes, skin inflammation, acne, chronic attacks of fever, vomiting, nausea and jaundice. Ayurvedic literature suggests in these conditions the administration of therapeutic purgation or a therapeutic laxative. It Is an Ideal Treatment For The Skin Diseases Like Psoriasis, Eczema  and Also For Acid Peptic Disoredrs, Bronchial Asthama etc.

Basti: Enema Therapy

Vata's predominant site is the colon. Ayurvedic Basti involves the introduction into the rectum of herbal concoctions of sesame oil, and certain herbal preparations in a liquid medium. Basti, is the most effective treatment of Vata disorders, although many enemas over a prescribed period of time are usually required. It relieves constipation, distention, chronic fever, cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, backache, sciatica and other pains in the joints. Many other Vata disorders such as arthritis, rheumatism, gout, muscle spasms and headaches may also be treated with Basti.

Medicated Enema is widely practiced in eradicationg Neurological disorders. Medicated oils of decoctions using herbs for the conditions selected. There are various forms of Enema-Shehavasthi, Kashayavasthi etc.


Basti therapy is divided in two main types

  • Anuvasana Basti_medicated oil enemas
  • Niruha Basti_medicated enema of decoctions and medicated oils

Use of medicated enemas-cleaning enemas are priliminary used to dispel high vata(air) from the colon and to remove Doshas(impurities). At Atharva Basti is performed with air tight, use and throw enema bags.

Nasya: Nasal Administration

The nose is the doorway to the brain and it is also the doorway to consciousness. The nasal administration of medication is called Nasya. An excess of bodily humors accumulated in the sinus, throat, nose or head areas is eliminated by means of the nearest possible opening, the nose.

Nasal administration - medicinal oils or herbal mixtures are inhaled or poured in nose by drops. This stimulates the nerve ending of nasal cavities resulting in better blood circulation in the sinuses. It is also good for balancing the "Prana Vata".

Blood letting - useful in many cancer and chronic skin disorders.

 

Post PanchKarma Procedures

Samsarjan Karma

On completion of PanchKarma a special diet and instructions are prescribed form Athrava according to Prakruti (Constitution) and Life Style. This diet helps the person to fulfill his/her calories requirement along with maintaining Dosha accordin to Ayurveda.

Rasayan

Its is a special form of rejuvination therapy. This is best done after the PanchKarma. Special herbs are used to tone up the various systems of the body. The herbs are selected according to Prakruti and disease. The duration for Rasayan is decided by experienced physician at Atharva.

Associate Procedures of PanchKarma

General Massage

Massaging the whole body with suitable oil to improve circulation, re-vitalisation and for keeping good health and to prevent ageing.

Udvartanam

This massage stimulates hair follicals and subcutaneous fat tissue to brak down subcutaneous fat storage. It reduces blood cholesterol, obesity, skin problems,imparts mobility to the joints, strengthens muscles and refreshers the body. The most promising effect is the slimming of the body.

Kaya Seka

Pouring oil in a uniform way to improve general health, vigor vitality and to prevent ageing.

Shirodhara

Medicated Herbal oil is pouring on the fore head by special method. It rejuvenates and revitalizes the body and mind. This therapy relieves stress and strain related problems, slows the aging process, improves memory and is known to have a beneficial effect for paralysis and other neurological malfuntions.

Pizhichil

A variety of massage using Luke-Warm medicated oil poured form a certain height over the whole body. Effective in Prolapse Disc, Parkinsonsism, Paraplegia and similar conditions.

Kizhi:

Herbal leaves and herbs or herbal powders are applied to the whole body in boluses with hot medicated oils for 45 minutes per day for a period of 7 to 14 days. This treatment is for osteoarthritis, arthritis, swelling, spondylitis, sports injuries etc.

Navarakizhi

Rice with medicinal propery cooked with milk and herbal decoctions and made into bolus in cloth bag and used for massaging inconditions like muscular Atrophy. Hemiplegia, paraplegia and as a part of rejuvenation therapy.

Ksheera

Inhalation of fumes prepared with milk and selected herbs in facial paralysis.

Dhooma

Dysphagia and other diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat.

Kateevasthi

In this treatment medicated oil is kept in the round wall area prepared by special method on Back.In this process specially prepared warm medicated oil is kept over the lower back with herbal paste boundary. This treatment lasts for 45 minutes to 1 hour and it is good for any type of back pain and spinal disorders. Useful in different backaches.

Janu Basti:

Knee joint is called as the Janu Sandhi in Sanskrit; hence the name Janu Basti is given to the Basti procedure done on Knee joints. In this procedure the healing property of the medicated oil used; are especially useful to restore the lubricant fluid in the joint and maintain integrity of the structures involved in the joint.

Procedure:

In Janu Basti two Basti Puta are prepared on the two Knee joints or it can be planned for one knee joint if only the one joint is involved in the disease process. The main precaution to be taken in this procedure is to stabilize the knee joints so that these could not swing internally or externally unconsciously.

  • The patient is made to lie on his back on the Droni.
  • Reservoir made of black gram dough is built up on the Knee Joint.The dough ring should be of such a size that it covers the whole knee joint.
  • After ensuring that this is leak-proof, lukewarm medicinal oil, which alleviates pain and strengthens the joint, is slowly poured into it. When the oil cools down, it is squeezed out with cotton gauze and the procedure is repeated a few times.

The oil and the receptacle are kept on for about half an hour. After removing them, the affected area may be gently massaged with the same oil. The patient is then made to take rest for a short while.

The healing properties of herbal oils used for this basti deeply clean and fortify the blood, build strong muscle and connective tissues, and lubricate the joints.

This special technique is aimed at providing relief by bathing the Knee Joint in warm Medicated oil for twenty to fifty minutes.

Indications:

  • Osteoarthritis of Knee joint
  • Stiffness and pain in Knee joint
  • Age related changes in Knee Joint
  • Inflammation in knee joint

If done regularly (or twice in a week/ or some thing like that) Janu Basti can prevent the operative interference in knee joint to maintain normal movements in the joints.

Netra Tarpan:

This is the cleaning process of the eyes which gives cooling effect. Prevents eye diseases and strengthens the optic nerve.

Pinda Sweda

Useful in neurological ailments and in the management of different pains

Shashti-Shali Pindasweda

Useful in neurological ailments.

Shirobasti

Useful in hair loss and the falling hair and other diseases of skull

Uttara Basti:

Useful in genitourinary diseases and infertility of female.

Tharpanam

Medicated oil and Ghee is retained in the eye for pathological conditions.

Thalopothicil

Scallp is covered with herbal paste, suitable for insomnia, depression, premature greying, baldness etc.

Upanaham

Local anti inflammatory therapy using herbal pastes.

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  • Shirodhara Massage

    Atharva Ayurveda that offer shirodhara are careful to create a comfortable and tranquil environment with atmospheric background music and a soft treatment table.
    Lying on your back, your body will be cocooned in warmed towels and your head will be positioned under the oil ‘fountain’ – a metal bottle with a slow-flowing spout from which the oils will stream gently onto the forehead.

  • Abhyanga Massage

    Abhyanga, the Ayurvedic form of massage, functions as both a strengthening and reducing therapy. There are four main reasons for giving or receiving an Abhyanga:
      • The eliminate excess water and fat deposits
      • To purify the blood and tissues of toxins
      • To strengthen and rejuvenate
      • To maintain strength and balance

  • Panchakarma

    Panchakarma therapy is also used as a purification therapy to cleanse the body before starting a treatment. A diseased body can be compared to a soiled cloth which can not be colored as we desire. Hence to attain the maximum benefits , the body has to be purified or cleaned before starting the treatment.The cleared channels help medicines to penetrate the deeper tissues.

  • Research At Atharva Ayurved India

    Currently Doing Research Project Title “Clinical study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Polyherbal powder in patients with vitiligo.”with The Department Of Pharmaceuticals Sciences,Saurashtra University,Rajkot. Currently Doing One More Research Project Title “An open label study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Polyherbal formulations in patients with mild to moderate psoriasis”

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